Signs and Symptoms
People with Dyspraxia or Developmental Control Disorder (DCD) experience difficulties with their coordinated movement. This may impact fine motor skills tasks like writing and gross motor skills tasks like walking.
Dyspraxia or DCD occurs when messages from the brain are not effectively transmitted to the body. It can be caused by damage to the brain, genetics or may be a symptom of a dementing disorder that develops later in life. It affects;
» Movement and coordination
» Communication, causing the person to speak slowly, repeat words and have difficulty with pronunciation
» Sensory sensitivity, causing difficulty coping with intense sound, light and textures
» Visual competency, resulting in problems with reading and focusing on tasks
There is often an overlap between Dyspraxia and other learning differences such as Autism spectrum disorder. People with dyspraxia often develop their own strategies for working effectively and are persistent, highly motivated and creative thinkers in the workplace.
It’s estimated 10% of people have Dyspraxia and 2% of cases are severe.
Occupational Therapy Children
Affect on Daily Life at Work
» Difficulties with motor skills may impact your employee’s ability to do refined tasks such writing or typing
» Difficulties with speech may impact their ability to communicate clearly, hence affecting relationships
» Extensive exposure to light or loud noises may cause irritability or hyperactivity
» They may have trouble focusing on reading materials for long periods
» They may have trouble organising their workload and with time management
» Encourage communication so you understand their challenges, coping strategies and capacity at work
» Consider adjusting schedules, workloads and task allocation to allow extra time for tasks which require motor skills
» Reduce distractions where practical e.g. allow headphones or quiet spaces for the employee to work in
» Offer a workplace mentor who oversees and assists with tasks and time management
» Create a workplace plan with your employee, recognising their capabilities and setting guidelines for their role and responsibilities.
» Consider adjusting written tasks, information and processes to be digital
» Use prompts and reminders to keep them on task
For additional resources and support, visit Occupational Therapy Children > Dyspraxia/Developmental Control Disorder